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Protective means for caring for wood

Almost any consumer who managed to solve the notorious housing issue, sooner or later faces the need to visit the construction or finishing materials market. Even those who are only planning to buy an apartment in the suburbs, immediately think about how they will settle. There are many opportunities for this today. Whichever materials you plan to use in repair, the proposals will not take long to wait. This statement is fully true also when it comes to the formulations used to protect wood and wood products from it. About them and will be discussed in this article.

Everyone knows about the merits of this natural material. It is a natural, environmentally friendly material with excellent breathability and thermal conductivity characteristics. But he does not lack any shortcomings. These include light flammability and combustibility of wood. In addition, without proper processing, the structure of the wood is rapidly destroyed.

But this defect can easily be eliminated. The market presents a huge number of different impregnations, antiseptics that reliably protect the wood from the effects of the environment, as well as all kinds of parasites and fungi.

A special place in their number is occupied by fire retardants. These are fire retardant impregnating compounds that are capable of increasing the temperature of ignition of wood. This is quite an effective tool, which, meanwhile, is not without its drawbacks. One of the main is that, water-resistant fire retardants are subject to leaching. Therefore, they are usually not used separately, but only as a substrate for moisture-resistant paint or varnish. By the way, the latter are also an independent means of protecting wooden structures. Depending on the type, they perform various functions, including decorative ones.

What can not be said about such a fire retardant composition as a coating. These compounds change the appearance of the tree not for the better, but their protective properties are very, very high. They prevent the destruction of wood, even in the case of its direct and constant contact with a moist environment.

However, the use of chemicals is by no means the only way to increase the life of a tree. So, in Europe, many antiseptics have been abandoned. They prefer to use a different method. It is a question of thermal treatment by the method of steam stabilization. The wood is treated with a saturated steam of high temperature. This leads to changes in its structure at the molecular level with the decomposition of polysaccharides. In fact, substances that are a nutrient medium for insects and fungi are evaporated from fibers, which eliminates all conditions for their occurrence and further reproduction. As a result, the thermal wood does not shrink and does not warp, the absence of moisture does not create reasons for the swelling of the surface structure, it is possible to maintain the original appearance and properties of the material, while significantly increasing its wear resistance.